Validation of the solution structure of dimerization domain of PRC1

Posted on 05.08.2022 - 20:04

Cell-cycle dependent proteins are indispensible for the accurate division of cells, a group of proteins called Microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) are important to cell division as it bind microtubules and participate with other co-factors to form the spindle midbody, which works as the workhorse of cell-division. PRC1 is a distinguishing member of MAPs, as it is a human MAP and works as the key in mediating daughter cell segregation in ana-phase and telo-phase. The physiological significance of PRC1 calls for a high resolution three-dimensional structure. The crystal structure of PRC1 was published but has low resolution (>3 Å) and incomplete sidechains, placing hurdles to understanding the structure-function relationships of PRC1, therefore, we determined the high-resolution solution structure of PRC1’s dimerization domain using NMR spectroscopy. Significant differences between the crystal structure and the solution structure can be observed, the main differences center around the N terminus and the end of the alpha-Helix H2. Furthermore, detailed structure analyses revealed that the hydrophobic core packing of the solution and crystal structures are also different. To validate the solution structure, we used Hydrogen-deuterium exchange experiments that address the structural discrepancies between the crystal and solution structure; we also generated mutants that are key to the differences in the crystal and solution structures, measuring its structural or thermal stability by NMR spectroscopy and Fluorescence Thermal Shift Assays. These results suggest that N terminal residues are key to the integrity of the whole protein, and the solution structure of the dimerization domain better reflects the conformation PRC1 adopted in solution conditions.

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Tan, Fei; Xu, Jin (2022): Validation of the solution structure of dimerization domain of PRC1. PLOS ONE. Collection. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0270572
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