Validation and perception of a key feature problem examination in neurology

Published on 2019-10-18T20:05:01Z (GMT) by
<div><p>Objective</p><p>To validate a newly-developed Key Feature Problem Examination (KFPE) in neurology, and to examine how it is perceived by students.</p><p>Methods</p><p>We have developed a formative KFPE containing 12 key feature problems and 44 key feature items. The key feature problems covered four typical clinical situations. The items were presented in short- and long-menu question formats. Third- and fourth-year medical students undergoing the Neurology Course at our department participated in this study. The students' perception of the KFPE was assessed via a questionnaire. Students also had to pass a summative multiple-choice question examination (MCQE) containing 39 Type-A questions. All key feature and multiple-choice questions were classified using a modified Bloom’s taxonomy.</p><p>Results</p><p>The results from 81 KFPE participants were analyzed. The average score was 6.7/12 points. Cronbach’s alpha for the 12 key-feature problems was 0.53. Item difficulty level scores were between 0.39 and 0.77, and item-total correlations between 0.05 and 0.36. Thirty-two key feature items of the KFPE were categorized as testers of comprehension, application and problem-solving, and 12 questions as testers of knowledge (MCQE: 15 comprehension and 24 knowledge, respectively). Overall correlations between the KFPE and the MCQE were intermediate. The KFPE was perceived well by the students.</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>Adherence to previously-established principles enables the creation of a valid KFPE in the field of Neurology.</p></div>

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Grumer, Meike; Brüstle, Peter; Lambeck, Johann; Biller, Silke; Brich, Jochen (2019): Validation and perception of a key feature problem examination in neurology. PLOS ONE. Collection. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0224131