M-CSF-stimulated myeloid cells can convert into epithelial cells to participate in re-epithelialization and hair follicle regeneration during dermal wound healing

Posted on 23.06.2022 - 20:05

Dermal wound healing is a complex process which requires the interaction of many cell types and mediators in a highly sophisticated temporal sequence. Myeloid cells which compose of a significant proportion of the inflammatory cells infiltrate to the to a wound site where they play important roles in clearance of damaged tissue and microorganisms. Myeloid cells have the capacity to be converted into fibroblast-like cells and endothelial cells during wound healing process. However, whether myeloid cells in wounds can convert into epithelial cells where they contribute to healing process is not clear. In this study, we performed double immunofluorescent staining with antibodies for hematopoietic cells and keratinocytes as well as cell tracing technique to investigate hematopoietic cell conversion. The result showed that during the healing process, some of the CD45-positive hematopoietic cells also expressed keratin 14, a marker for keratinocytes. Further, double immunofluorescent staining in dermal wounds, using CD11b and K14 antibodies indicated that CD11b-positive myeloid cells were the origin of newly generated epithelial cells. Through tracing injected labeled splenocyte-derived myeloid cells in skin, we confirmed that myeloid cells were able to convert into keratinocytes in repaired skin. Furthermore, our results from in vivo experiments provided new information on contribution of myeloid cells in hair follicle regeneration. In conclusion, this work highlights the myeloid cell contributions in wound repair and hair follicle regeneration through conversion of M-CSF-stimulated CD11b-positive myeloid cells into epithelial cells in a murine model.

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Li, Yunyuan; Alnojeidi, Hatem; Kilani, Ruhangiz T.; Ghahary, Aziz (2022): M-CSF-stimulated myeloid cells can convert into epithelial cells to participate in re-epithelialization and hair follicle regeneration during dermal wound healing. PLOS ONE. Collection. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0262060
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