Percentage of female gametophytes with sporophytes after recovery.

Percentage of female multicellular gametophytes with juvenile sporophytes from the North Sea and Arctic populations of Laminaria digitata after 20 days of recovery at 5°C (A) and 15°C (B) from different treatments (15°C dark, 15°C, 20°C, 22.5°C and 25°C DHS). Box plots with median, boxes for 25th and 75th percentiles and whiskers indicating min and max values (n = 4).