Impact of Management on Avian Communities in the Scottish Highlands - Fig 2

Ordination plots of Raup-Crick (a-f), Euclindean Distance g-l), and Bray Curtis Dissimilarity (m-u) with 95% Standard Error centroids showing species associated with dominant management and management activities (e.g. G+ denotes estates managed for grouse and G- indicates the rest of the estates). Species are coded following British Trust for Ornithology survey codes; Mallard—MA; Tufted Duck—TU; Red Grouse—RG; Ptarmigan—PM; Black Grouse—BK; Pheasant—PH; Red-throated Diver—RH; Cormorant—CA; Grey Heron—H.; Hen Harrier—HH; Buzzard—BZ; Golden Eagle—EA; Kestrel—K.; Merlin—ML; Peregrine—PE; Moorhen—MH; Oystercatcher—OC; Golden Plover—GP; Lapwing—L.; Dunlin—DN; Snipe—SN; Curlew—CU; Greenshank—GK; Common Sandpiper—CS; Black-headed Gull—BH; Common Gull—CM; Lesser Black-backed Gull—LB; Herring Gull—HG; Greater Black-backed Gull—GB; Woodpigeon—WP; Cuckoo—CK; Short-eared Owl—SE; Swallow—SL; Meadow Pipit—MP; Pied Wagtail—PW; Dipper—DI; Dunnock—D; Robin—R.; Whinchat—WC; Stonechat—SC; Wheatear—W.; Ring Ouzel—RZ; Skylark—S.; House Martin—HM; Wren—WR; Mistle Thrush—M.; Grasshopper Warbler—GH; Sedge Warbler—SW; Chiffchaff—CC; Willow Warbler—WW; Great Tit—GT; Jackdaw—JD; Carrion/Hooded Crow—HC.; Raven—RN; Chaffinch—CH; Greenfinch—GR; Siskin—SK; Twite–TW. (Larger plots are provided in S1 Fig).