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Therapeutic effects of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy on survival in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: A meta-analysis

posted on 2018-02-06, 18:38 authored by Fang Cui, Liuqing Sun, Jianmei Xiong, Jianyong Li, Yangang Zhao, Xusheng Huang

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a method widely used for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS); nevertheless, its effect on survival remains unclear. The purpose of this meta-analysis study was to determine the effects of PEG on survival in ALS patients. Relevant studies were retrieved from PubMed, EmBase, and the Cochrane Library databases, from inception to June 2017. Studies comparing PEG with other procedures in ALS patients were included. Odds ratios (ORs) in a random-effects model were used to assess the survival at different follow-up periods. Briefly, ten studies involving a total of 996 ALS patients were included. Summary ORs indicated that PEG administration was not associated with 30-day (OR = 1.59; 95%CI 0.93–2.71; P = 0.092), 10-month (OR = 1.25; 95%CI 0.72–2.17; P = 0.436), and 30-month (OR = 1.28; 95% CI 0.77–2.11; P = 0.338) survival rates, while they showed a beneficial effect in 20-month survival rate (OR = 1.97; 95%CI 1.21–3.21; P = 0.007). The survival rate was significantly prominent in reports published before 2005, and in studies with a retrospective design, sample size <100, mean age <60.0 years, and percentage male ≥50.0%. To sum up, these findings suggested that ALS patients administered with PEG had an increased 20-month survival rates, while there was no significant effect in 30-day, 10-month, and 30-month survival rates.