Trends in all-cause mortality rates per 100,000 by gender and age group.

NOTE. RRfem, Relative risk for females compared with males; CI, confidence interval; χ2, chi-squared.

a

MR, mortality rates per 100,000, note all-cause mortality includes deaths with undetermined cause, and are thus higher than combined communicable and non-communicable disease mortality rates.

b

χ2 LT, chi-squared for linear trend.

c

MHRR, Mantel Haenszel weighted relative risk, and Greenlands-Robins 95% confidence intervals.