Total Carbohydrate, Sugar, and Starch, and the Risks of Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke Among 8,855 Men and 10,753 Women<sup>*</sup>.

<p>*Adjusted Hazard Ratios (with 95% CI) per SD of carbohydrates (30.1), sugar (29.5), and starch (22.9).</p>†<p>Adjusted for age, smoking (never, past, current), packyears, education (low, middle, high), BMI, physical activity (inactive, moderately inactive, moderately active, active), hypertension (yes, no), and OC use (ever, never).</p>‡<p>Additional adjustment for total energy, and energy-adjusted nutrients: alcohol (≤10, 10–25, 25–50, >50 g/day), vitamin C, dietary fiber, and saturated, monounsaturated. §Model M3, additionally adjusted for plasma total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol. ∥Models M3 and M4 for sugar and starch were mutually adjusted.</p>



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