The characteristics of the real networks analyzed in the paper.

For each network, we show its type, name; number of nodes (N) and links (L); driver nodes of real network

nD

real

; driver nodes of real network after optimization

nD

real

(opt)

; driver nodes of rand-Degree network

nD

randDegree

; driver nodes of rand-Degree network after optimization

nD

randDegree

(opt)

; driver nodes of rand-ER network

nD

randER

; driver nodes of rand-ER network after optimization

nD

randER

(opt)

respectively. All the data used are publicly available in the network databases from Ref. [42].