Spatial and temporal components of variability.

Standard deviations (SDs) of spatial and temporal components of variability, and their percent contribution (%VC) to total variance for each species. The number of replicates (i.e., number of reefs censused) for each species is indicated in the “Transects” column. The significance of the variance components is indicated in the column denoted with “p”: ns =  not significant (p>0.05), *  =  significant (p<0.05), **  =  highly significant (p<0.01), ***  =  very highly significant (p<0.001). The instantaneous variation was estimated as the residual error of the nested random models; therefore its significance was not evaluated.