Risk (% probability) and time to reach topical LD50 (T50 in days) for worker bees, estimated as contact exposure with 1 g of contaminated pollen, at average or maximum levels, during 2 days.

2014-04-09T03:40:43Z (GMT) by Francisco Sanchez-Bayo Koichi Goka
1<p>A = acaricide; F = fungicide; I = insecticide; IGR = insect growth regulator; IS = insecticide synergist.</p>2<p>Mixture LD50 estimated in accordance with known synergistic ratios <a href="http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0094482#pone.0094482-Iwasa1" target="_blank">[67]</a>, <a href="http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0094482#pone.0094482-Pilling1" target="_blank">[68]</a>, <a href="http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0094482#pone.0094482-Biddinger1" target="_blank">[69]</a>.</p>3<p>Chronic LD50 for 77 days exposure.</p>