Participant characteristics.

Data displayed as median [IQR] or number (%)

* = higher values represent greater deprivation

= Fasting insulin data missing for 12 Ala12 carriers and 50 Pro12 homozygotes due to insufficient blood collection or cessation of bleeding

= 2-h insulin data missing for 14 Ala12 carriers and 59 Pro12 homozygotes due to insufficient blood collection or cessation of bleeding

§ = Matsuda-ISI data missing for 21 Ala12 carriers and 89 Pro12 homozygotes; higher values indicate greater sensitivity

Participant characteristics.