Overview of pharmacological substances and brief descriptions of their functions, concentrations used and sources.

PA, palmitic acid; OA, oleic acid; MPA, methyl palmitic acid; ALA, alpha lipoic acid; L-NAME, N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester; 4PBA, 4-phenyl-butyric acid; AICAR, 5 amino-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-imidazole-4carboxamide; PPAR, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor; CPT1, carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1; H2O2, hydrogen peroxide; NO, nitric oxide; NMDA, N-methyl d-aspartate; AMP, adenosine monophosphate; AMPK, AMP activated kinase