Induction of mucosal antibody responses in the respiratory tract of PMED HA DNA vaccinated macaques.

Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and tracheal swab samples were collected from macaques prior to immunization and again at 4 weeks following each boosting dose of the HA DNA vaccine, ± rhGM-CSF. IgG antibody responses in BALF (A) and IgA antibody responses in tracheal swabs (B) against the A/New Caledonia/20/99 hemagglutinin protein were detected by ELISA. Data are reported as the O.D. measured at 450 nm for each sample, diluted 1∶20 in PBS, from individual immunized animals.