ITC analysis of ligand binding.

<p>Thermograms of measurements performed at three different temperatures (<b>A</b>) 15°C, (<b>B</b>) 25°C and (<b>C</b>) 40°C are shown. At each temperature, core-bradavidin was first titrated with Brad-tag (1), followed by competitive titration with biotin (2). As a control measurement, core-bradavidin was titrated with biotin only (3). In order to prove that the intrinsic Brad-tag decreases the affinity towards biotin, wt bradavidin was also titrated with biotin (4). In addition, core-bradavidin was titrated with Brad-tag–EGFP at 15 and 25°C (5). (<b>D</b>) Comparison of the binding enthalpies of all measurements at different temperatures. Brad-tag had a clear effect on the binding enthalpy of the competitive titration with biotin at 15°C (endothermic Brad-tag binding) and 40°C (exothermic Brad-tag binding). At 25°C, the enthalpy of competitive titration was equal to that of titration with biotin only (no detectable binding of Brad-tag to core-bradavidin).</p>