Effect of plant stanols on macrophages in vitro.
Changes in Tnf-α concentrations in supernatant and LXR target gene expression of bone marrow derived macrophages after incubation with sitostanol (0.6 and 1.2 µm) or desmosterol (0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 µm) and 4 h LPS stimulation. (A) Tnf-α concentrations, (B) LXRα mRNA, (C) Abca1 mRNA, and (D) Abcg1 mRNA expression after sitostanol exposure, (E) Tnf-α mRNA, (F) LXRα mRNA, (G) Abca1 mRNA, and (H) Abcg1 mRNA expression after desmosterol exposure. Data were set relative to cells incubated with cyclodextrin (carrier control). *P<0.05; **P<0.01; ***P<0.001.