Cytokine Levels in the Mouse Bronchial Alveolar Lavage Fluid after Exposure to CARDS Toxin.


Cytokines showing an increase over basal levels when animals are exposed to active CARDS toxin. Representative data from two independent assays with 5 to10 mice/time point/treatment group each are presented. Data are reported as pg/ml and presented as the average ± the standard deviation.


Baseline measurements were obtained from 5 animals treated with saline for two days.


HI toxin was boiled for one hour prior to use.

*p<0.05 comparing active toxin to baseline or a similar amount of HI toxin.

**p<0.05 comparing active toxin to baseline.