Comparisons between various codon substitution models in the concatenating analysis of mammalian-mtDNA.
The prior probability of each category for the “dG4s” is , and .b
The number of adjustable parameters.c
Differences from the reference state; , , and .d
The average of over all amino acid pairs ; .e
The value parenthesized means that the parameter is fixed at the value specified.f
The scale parameter of a distribution for the variation of mutation rate over time.g
The ratio of double to single and of triple to double nucleotide change exchangeability; .h
The ratio of mean transitional to mean transversional exchangeability; .i
The shape parameter of a discrete gamma distribution for the variation of mutation rate or selective constraint over sites.