Co-infection prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti, and Borrelia burgdorferi in wildlife host species groups.

Mean co-infection prevalence for Anaplasma phagocytophilum (Ap), Babesia microti (Bm), and Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) of host-collected Ixodes scapularis ticks fed on (A) small mammal, (B) meso-mammal, (C) sciurid, and (D) bird host species. Each category represents the mean prevalence of each specific co-infection type as opposed to overall prevalence. Error bars show standard error. Note that no co-infections were observed in D. carolinensis.