Apoptosis, cytotoxic edema, fuchsin staining and Ki67 positivity in the hippocampus and Ki67 positivity in the germinal matrix of preterm neonates not treated with antenatal GCs and treated with antenatal GCs.

Horizontal axis: the two study groups, vertical axis: staining score (see text for details). Median values are indicated by horizontal lines. Differences are tested with the Mann- Whitney U test.