African-Americans and Native Americans have decreased 25(OH)D levels.

(A) Median 25(OH)D levels for African-Americans (n = 125), Native Americans (n = 179), and European-Americans (n = 470). Error bars represent interquartile range. ***p<0.001, Kruskal-Wallis test with Dunn's multiple comparison; p<0.05, Shapiro-Wilk and D'Agostino normality test. (B) Frequency of vitamin D severe deficiency (<12 ng/mL) and vitamin D deficiency (12–20 ng/mL) in African-Americans, Native Americans, and European Americans. Each symbol represents one individual.