Adjusted Odd Ratio of Elevated Inflammatory Factors and Adiopokines Associated with Depressive Symptoms in the Study Participantsa

Data are presented as odd ratio (95% CI).

CRP, C-reactive protein; IL-6, interleukin-6; PAI-1, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1; RBP4, retinol binding protein 4.


Adjusted for geographic location, residential area, age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, drinking status, physical activity level, educational level, comorbidity status, log-insulin, log-triglyceride, log-total cholesterol, log-systolic blood pressure, and use of anti-inflammatory drugs.


Elevated inflammatory factors or adipokines were defined as having values in the top quartile of each biomarker.