A laboratory flammability experiment with Magnolia grandiflora, a native tree species in Florida’s Apalachicola ravines.

M. grandiflora is one of several tree species that have increased following the demise of the endemic conifer Torreya taxifolia. The resulting shift in species composition has cascading effects on community flammability and consequences for the recovery of Torreya taxifolia and perhaps a wider suite of fire-sensitive ravine taxa.