Multiple species infection profiles in adults, school-aged children/adolescents (SC/As) from communities and SC/As from the national school-based survey, subsamples drawn for each Plasmodium-helminth scenario and potential differences between included and excluded individuals for interaction analysis.

Parasite species abbreviations: Plasmodium (Plas), S. mansoni (Sm), S. haematobium (Sh), soil-transmitted helminth (STH) and hookworm (Hk). *Statistically significant with a p-value<0.05 according to Χ2-test or t-test as appropriate. aBased on a total of 592 whereof 435 were included and 157 excluded. bBased on a total of 592 whereof 490 were included and 102 excluded. cBased on a total of 4,870 whereof 3,347 were included and 1,523 excluded. dBased on a total of 4,870 whereof 1,801 were included and 3,069 excluded. eBased on a total of 4,870 whereof 2,933 were included and 1,937 excluded.