Model validation contingency table and supporting test statistics, comparing field-observed BIP with modeled BIP (left), and evaluation of model prediction at sites currently or historically occupied by beavers (center), and actively occupied sites (right).

Model validation contingency table and supporting test statistics, comparing field-observed BIP with modeled BIP (left), and evaluation of model prediction at sites currently or historically occupied by beavers (center), and actively occupied sites (right).