Effects of TQ on NADH/NAD+ ratio in liver and soleus muscle.

(A) NADH/NAD+ ratio in liver. (B) NADH/NAD+ ratio in soleus muscle. p ≤ 0.05 when comparing (+) HFD and LFD, (*) HFD + TQ and HFD, and (#) LFD and LFD + TQ using independent t-tests. Results are means ± SEM (n = 8–10 mice per treatment group). LFD: low fat diet, HFD: high fat diet, TQ: thymoquinone.