Boxplots of averted loss, management gain and total benefit after 20 years for individual vegetation attributes within a Western Slopes Grassy Woodland with moderate starting values.

For each attribute, data are derived by pooling 2100 random draws from the future and reference probability distributions of 25 experts. Total benefit is the sum of averted loss and management gain. Averted loss is estimated as the difference between the counterfactual and the initial attribute condition and therefore takes a positive value when the attribute is expected to decline relative to the reference under a business as usual scenario. Ltrees = Large Trees.