Effect of distance from nearest road on behaviour of elk.
CiutiSimone
M. NorthrupJoseph
B. MuhlyTyler
SimiSilvia
MusianiMarco
A. PittJustin
S. BoyceMark
2012
<p>Effect of the distance from the nearest road with a traffic volume of at least 12 vehicles per day on a) ln [length of foraging bouts], b) arcsine square root [proportion of time feeding], and c) arcsine square root [proportion of time travelling] in 870 focal elk observed in SW Alberta, Canada. Right y-axes represent back transformed data. The sample size was distributed as follows: n = 188 elk (0< <i>d</i> <250 meters, where <i>d</i> is the distance from the nearest road with a traffic volume of at least 12 vehicles per day), n = 230 elk (250≤ <i>d</i> <500 meters), n = 264 elk (500≤ <i>d</i> <1000 meters), and n = 188 elk (<i>d</i> ≥1000 meters).</p>